What Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome And How To Prevent It
When a mother is drinking alcohol while pregnant, this can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome. Fetal alcohol syndrome is brain damage or growth issues that are caused by drinking in pregnancy. It can cause cognitive disabilities and mental disorders in children and more.
This is why it is recommended to not drink alcohol while pregnant. No amount of alcohol is safe to drink during pregnancy. If you decide to drink then your baby is being put at risk.
Don’t be afraid to speak up if you do think that your baby could have fetal alcohol syndrome after birth. This is because early help can assist in any problems that develop as they grow older and keep complications from getting worse.
Symptoms of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Different children respond differently with fetal alcohol syndrome. It depends on genetics and many other factors including how much the mother drank while pregnant. There can be many sorts of disabilities that develop, congenital disabilities, and issues functioning in general.
Some physical defects that can occur in babies born with fetal alcohol syndrome include:
– facial features are often the first sign including the upturned nose, small upper lip, smooth skin between nose and lip, small wideset eyes.
– limbs, fingers, or joints deformed
– slow growth before being born and after as well
– hearing or vision issues
– small head or brain
– heart defects, bone and kidney problems
Brain And Central Nervous System Problems
Some brain and central nervous system problems that can occur in babies born with fetal alcohol syndrome include:
– bad balance or coordination
– bad memory
– the trouble with processing information or attention in general
– poor judgment
– quick changing moods
– not good at problem solving or reasoning
– intellectual disabilities or learning disorders
– can’t identify consequences
Social And Behavioral Issues
Some social and behavioral issues that can occur in babies born with fetal alcohol syndrome include:
– trouble managing to get along with others their age
– school difficulties
– no social skills
– can’t stay on task when required
– no concept of time
– difficulty planning or moving toward a stated goal
– issues with change
– no impulse control
Prevention And Treatment For Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
It should come without saying that the best method of prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome as stated by health professionals is staying away from alcohol completely throughout your pregnancy.
Health care professionals say that there just isn’t enough evidence supported research to say what level of alcohol drinking is safe during pregnancy. When it comes to the health of your unborn baby, it is just best to stay away entirely from alcohol to keep safe. 2 to 7 children in the United States are affected by fetal alcohol syndrome. These numbers shouldn’t even be close to being this high.
There is no way to reverse fetal alcohol syndrome, but there are treatments that can help when detected early on. Having a diagnosis means it is easier to help the children cope and grow, and having a happy, stable home is also good for these children.